Article 35 presents the responsibilities of states to "take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form."
Article 36 presents the responsibilities of states to "protect the child against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspects of the child's welfare."
Article 37 states that "No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below 18 years of age."
Article 38 presents the responsibilities of states to "undertake to respect and to ensure respect for rules of international humanitarian law applicable to them in armed conflicts which are relevant to the child."
Article 39 presents the responsibilities of states to "take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of any form of neglect, exploitation, or abuse; torture or any other form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; or armed conflicts. Such recovery and reintegration shall take place in an environment which fosters the health, self-respect and dignity of the child."
Article 40 presents the responsibilities of states to "recognize the right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child's sense of dignity and worth."
Article 41 states that "Nothing in the present Convention shall affect any provisions which are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the child and which may be contained in the law of a State party or international law in force for that State."
Save the Children is one of the world's foremost nongovernmental organizations for the care of young people in need. Although its origins are from the carnage of war, the Save the Children Foundation that emerged in the 1920s from the Save the Children Fund developed a remit extending well beyond. In 1932, Save the Children (United States) was founded by John Voris moved by the plight of hunger and deprivation of Appalachian children, a concern for basic welfare programs such as the "Hot School Lunch" that extended through the United States. By the time of the Second World War the organization had emerged as a mature organization operating through many countries in war-ravaged Europe. By the 1960s, operations had extended to Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa. The 1979 United Nations "Year of the Child" significantly extended awareness of children's issues and helped facilitate a massive expansion of Save the Children's operations. It was there to respond to the cataclysmic Ethiopian famine in 1984.
Today's Save the Children works across a wide range of social issues, including early childhood development, primary education, youth development, and adult literacy. One of its major campaigns has been on involving corporate sponsors to get involved in their work, shrewdly selling the positive benefits to corporate image for doing so. And much of its work continues-for example the "Every Mother, Every Child" initiative-to highlight the inextricable link between children and their mothers.