On December 10, 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The preamble to the declaration provides a foundation for modernday human rights, based on the recognition that all humans have the right to freedom, justice, and peace in the world. The preamble goes on to explain that when inalienable human rights are ignored, "barbarous acts" have occurred. As the international legal implications of the original 30 articles are becoming ever more foundational to all aspects of the social and political life of nations, so too the influence of religion and culture has proliferated, and in ways arguably unexpected in a mid-20th century world increasingly dominated by secular and often militantly atheistic ideologies. In abbreviated form the 30 articles from the Universal Declaration are as follows:
UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal.
Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence.
Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
Everyone has the right to a nationality.
Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality, or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.
Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
All have the right to take part in the government of their country.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security.
Everyone has the right to work.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure.
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for health and well-being.
Everyone has the right to education.
Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community.
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any state, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.